In this section of the site, you can learn how
to write effective sentences and paragraphs.
A paragraph is a collection of sentences which relate to each other
because they deal with the same topic. Writers divide their work into
paragraphs because paragraphs separate out different parts of an argument
and make the argument easier to follow. Think of paragraphs as a kind
of route map through an essay.
Effective paragraphs make the reader's task easier, and they show
that the writer of the essay is in control of the argument. For paragraphs
to be effective, they should have two qualities. Firstly, they should
have unity. This means that a paragraph should be about one topic,
one element in the overall argument of the essay. Secondly, they should
have coherence. This means that the different sentences in the paragraph
should connect with each other, and also that the paragraph should
connect with the paragraphs before and after it. One of the easiest
and most common ways to build an effective paragraph is the 'topic
and development' method, and we shall look at this in detail.